The following are disease risks that might affect travelers to this area: Dengue, filariasis, leishmaniasis, and onchocerciasis (river blindness), and African trypanosomiasis.Plague occurs sporadically or in outbreaks. Schistosomiasis, a parasitic infection, can be contracted in fresh water in this region. Do not swim in fresh water (except in well-chlorinated swimming pools).
Polio outbreaks were reported recently.
Many countries in this region have high incidence rates of tuberculosis and high HIV prevalence rates.
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) has been found in poultry populations in several countries in Africa. Malaria is present in all areas (including game parks) at altitudes <2,500>